Health and poverty
Extreme poverty has been halved, and yet according to the World Bank over 10% of the world’s population has to make do on less than $1.90 a day. And 46% of humanity has less than $5.50. Most of these people live in sub-Saharan Africa.
Extreme poverty leads to a lack of food, clean water from a tap, electricity, transport, proper roofs, schools, healthcare, knowledge of hygiene, contraception. The list is long.
There are no simple solutions to this complex problem. There are however some solutions that work better than others, significantly so, and that’s the point of this.
Impact on health
Poverty has major consequences for physical and mental health. Babies, children and mothers often die young, from hunger or diseases that would be easy to prevent or to cure. Those who survive have a hard life.
There are many charities worldwide that offer help. But who should you donate to if you want to do as much good as possible with your money? Organisations such as GiveWell, the Centre for Effective Altruism and Founders Pledge have thoroughly investigated this. More on that below.
You can give directly to the charities themselves, or to organisations and funds that use donations as effectively as possible on the basis of the latest information. Let’s start with the best charities.
The very best charities: value for money!
This overview provides brief information about the charity, its website and who recommends it. GiveWell highlights Top charities that consistently deliver absolute top quality, closely followed by Standout charities, which often have a shorter track record.
In the last column, above the Donate button, is the ANBI/RSIN number and the relevant details for tax relief. More information about donating can be found here.
|Logo||Information||Recommendation||ANBI / RSIN|
|Maximum Impact Fund GiveWell does not charge fees. It allocates funds to its recommended charities based on the need for funding and the greatest benefit to be gained.||GiveWell’s own fund|
|Effective Altruism Funds: Global Development supports an up-to-date selection of top and outstanding organisations dedicated to improving the health and development of the world’s poorest people. The fund is managed by one of the founders of GiveWell.||Manual |
|The Life You Can Save (TLCS) supports highly effective organisations which it selects. Among these are top and standout charities recommended by GiveWell. You can indicate a preference although TLYCS determines the final allocation of the donations.|
|The Against Malaria Foundation (NL) finances the distribution of long-lasting insecticidal nets for the prevention of malaria. 100% of the donation goes to the nets. €1.70 buys a net and protects two people. €425 buys enough nets to protect an entire village. €2,500 saves a life and prevents 500 to 1,000 cases of malaria||GiveWell|
|GiveDirectly uses mobile phone technology to transfer money directly to the poorest people and those affected by humanitarian crises.||GiveWell|
|Evidence Action: Deworm the world initiative fights worm infections in schoolchildren with a simple pill. This successful programme is based on research by economists who were recently awarded the Nobel Prize.||GiveWell|
|Evidence Action: Dispensers for safe water provides chlorine dispensers at water sources to purify drinking water and prevent the spread of disease.||GiveWell|
|Development Media International runs proven effective media campaigns to change behaviour and improve lives in low-income countries. DMI was the first to use a randomised controlled trial to demonstrate that mass media can change behaviour.||GiveWell|
|Strong Minds uses an inexpensive and proven method to treat depression in women. In Africa the situation is devastating, with 66 million women affected. In Uganda this aid cured the symptoms of depression in 75% of the women treated.||FP Reports [Founders Pledge]|
Who are these organisations that compare the effectiveness of charities worldwide? We have already mentioned GiveWell, the Centre for Effective Altruism and Founders Pledge. They differ in experience, choice of areas and target groups. You can read more about their work on the Network page.